GEOFFREY B. ISHERWOOD (Assistant Professor of Educational Administration at McGill University. Formerly a teacher and principal in secondary schools Professor Isherwood holds the degrees of B.A. (Tufts), M.Ed. (Delaware) and Ed.D. (Rutgers))
WAYNE K. HOY (Associate Professor of Educational Administration at Rutgers Unitersity. He holds (he degrees of B.S. (Lock Haven), M.Ed. and D.Ed. (Pennsylvania State). Professor Hoy is co‐author of The School and Pupil Control Ideology. He is currently secretary‐treasurer of the National Conference of Professors of Educational Administration)

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Publication date: 1 January 1973


The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' sense of powerlessness within two distinctive school organizational structures. The concept of teacher work values was employed as an intervening variable in the primary relationship. Definite patterns of teacher sense of powerlessness were uncovered within Authoritarian and within Collegial school bureaucratic structures. In addition, a majority of teachers in Authoritarian schools experienced a greater sense of powerlessness than did their peers in Collegial schools.


ISHERWOOD, G. and HOY, W. (1973), "BUREAUCRACY, POWERLESSNESS, AND TEACHER WORK VALUES", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 124-138. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb009693

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Copyright © 1973, MCB UP Limited

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