The basic aspects and mechanism of corrosion of steel piles in sea water are briefly discussed. The effects of parameters viz. pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, temperature and wind velocity responsible for the corrosion of steel piles have been presented. The methods used for corrosion control and the impressed current cathodic protection technique in particular, with its merits, when applied to under‐water marine structures are outlined. The values and importance of potential required at the surface under protection, surface current density requirement and its distribution for the protection of steel structures under different service conditions useful for the design of cathodic protection systems are presented. The characteristics of various types of anode materials with a special reference to the latest platinized (Platinum‐Niobium) niobium anodes, with their merits, over other types of anodes are tabulated. The basic considerations required for the design of cathodic protection and the design of the system have been presented.
Rohella, R.S., Swain, B.C. and Murty, J.S. (1991), "Cathodic protection system: Protecting under‐water steel piles of an iron ore berth", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 38 No. 6, pp. 4-7. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb007293
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