This paper deals with a new hypothesis concerning the genesis of tinnitus. This disease has been investigated by many researchers but its origin and mechanisms involved are still unknown. This can be mainly due to the way the problem has been always faced by not considering the system as a whole, but instead by searching for specific system components and specific causes. The new way of dealing with the problem consists in taking into account the complete auditory system and to assume that tinnitus is due to an instability of a feedback loop in the system. A mathematical model has been built in order to justify this assumption and some interesting conclusions are drawn about tinnitus therapy.
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