Depression and anxiety in patients with heart failure: contributing factors, consequences and coping mechanisms: a review of the literature
Article publication date: 11 March 2022
Issue publication date: 2 August 2022
The purpose of this study is to integrate evidence on contributing factors, consequences, in addition to coping mechanisms of depression and anxiety in patients with heart failure.
An integrative review was conducted by searching three main electronic databases: Web of Sciences, MEDLINE and Science Direct. Twenty-four studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the final review process.
The review identified the most common contributing factors, consequences and coping mechanisms of depression and anxiety in patients with heart failure. Patients with heart failure have high anxiety and depression prevalence rates.
It is recommended to include routine assessment and management of anxiety and depression in heart failure protocols to improve clinical outcomes.
Ethical statement: This study conforms with the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki.Funding source: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency or commercial sectors.Declaration of competing interest: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Abu Sumaqa, Y. and Hayajneh, F.A. (2022), "Depression and anxiety in patients with heart failure: contributing factors, consequences and coping mechanisms: a review of the literature", Working with Older People, Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 174-186. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-12-2021-0061
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