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Combining mobile health, action and coping plans to improve exercise adherence and functionality among elderly with knee pain in Bangkok

Pattaraporn Piwong (College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand)
Tiwaporn Junkhaw (College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand)
Kavinash Loganathan (The National Cancer Society Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Murallitharan Munisamy (The National Cancer Society Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Ratana Somrongthong (College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 28 May 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

The known advantage of exercise for older adults who had knee pain is limited by low adherence to an exercise program. This study aims to determine the effect of the LINE application on action and coping plans on exercise adherence, self-efficacy for exercise, specific self-efficacy (task, maintenance and recovery), functional performance (knee range of motion, time up and go, 30-s chair stand and knee outcome for activities of daily living) and knee pain scale among older adults with knee pain in suburban Bangkok, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 86 participants aged between 50 and 65 years old were divided into two groups for a period of 14 weeks: intervention (received action and coping plans via the LINE application) and control group (received usual care). All outcomes were measured at baseline and posttest except exercise adherence, which was collected postintervention.

Findings

A significant difference between intervention and control groups across all outcomes. Within group comparisons before and after, the intervention indicates that participants of the intervention group significantly improved posttest. In conclusion, using mobile health technology in combination with action and coping plans was found to enhance older adults’ exercise adherence and motivation, thus, decreasing knee pain while increasing functionality.

Originality/value

This study provides new insight into the combination of action and coping plans implementing with instant messaging through the LINE application which had a positive impact on enhance exercise adherence and knee functional performance of Thai elderly with knee pain.

Keywords

Citation

Piwong, P., Junkhaw, T., Loganathan, K., Munisamy, M. and Somrongthong, R. (2024), "Combining mobile health, action and coping plans to improve exercise adherence and functionality among elderly with knee pain in Bangkok", Working with Older People, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-11-2023-0049

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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