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Exploring the triggers of psychological distress among Jordanian patients with heart failure: a phenomenological study

Yasmeen Abu Sumaqa (Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan)
Ferial A. Hayajneh (Faculty of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan)
Mohammad Alnaeem (Al-zaytoonah University of Jordan/School of Nursing, Amman, Jordan)
Sajeda Alhamory (Faculty of Nursing, Irbid National University, Irbid, Jordan)
Ibrahim R. Ayasreh (Jerash University, Jerash, Jordan)
Manar Abu-Abbas (Faculty of Nursing, Irbid National University, Irbid, Jordan)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 28 October 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to gain a deeper understanding of triggers of psychological distress among Jordanian patients with heart failure (HF).

Design/methodology/approach

A phenomenological study was adopted. In-depth, semi-structured, audio-taped interviews were conducted for 25 patients with HF. The analysis was done using interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Findings

The main theme of the findings can be expressed as “faced with stressors that are unable to cope with”, which encompasses circumstances and contexts associated with the psychological distress they faced. The following four sub-themes emerged from the data: being endorsed in significant life changes, feeling guilty about being a burden, financial burden aggravating stress and feeling overwhelmed by the fear of death.

Originality/value

The findings revealed that psychological distress is affected directly by many triggers. The findings indicate the need for informing health-care providers to support these patients and address the challenges and develop clinical guidelines to assess psychological distress among these patients.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the participants who kindly agreed to participate in this study and be interviewed.

Funding: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency or commercial sectors.

Ethical statement: This study conforms with the principles outlined in the declaration of Helsinki.

Declaration of competing interest: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Citation

Abu Sumaqa, Y., Hayajneh, F.A., Alnaeem, M., Alhamory, S., Ayasreh, I.R. and Abu-Abbas, M. (2022), "Exploring the triggers of psychological distress among Jordanian patients with heart failure: a phenomenological study", Working with Older People, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-09-2022-0042

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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