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Ageing perception and social functioning in older adults: a narrative review

Elaheh Shoushtari-Moghaddam (Elaheh Shoushtari-Moghaddam, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh and Mahin Nazari are all based at the Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran)
Mohammad Hossein Kaveh (Elaheh Shoushtari-Moghaddam, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh and Mahin Nazari are all based at the Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran)
Mahin Nazari (Elaheh Shoushtari-Moghaddam, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh and Mahin Nazari are all based at the Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 16 March 2022

Issue publication date: 2 August 2022

112

Abstract

Purpose

Older people have a different perception of ageing and different factors can influence this perception. Among the factors influencing the perception of ageing are various functions including physical, mental and social functioning of the elderly. Therefore, in this study, the authors intend to investigate the relationship between the perception of ageing and social functioning.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic search was conducted of four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus). Citations within identified reports were also searched. Studies were included if they included perceptions of ageing and social functioning measures involving older participants. Study selection and data extraction were conducted using predefined criteria. Older adults’ perceptions of ageing and social functioning were assessed with a variety of measures.

Findings

From a total of 79 articles, eight reports met the criteria for inclusion. In these studies, the positive and negative aspects of ageing perception and various social functions of the elderly in society such as economic, political, social activities; social support; and formal and informal participation have been raised.

Originality/value

The results of this narrative review demonstrate that there is a two-way relationship between the perception of ageing and social functioning. Therefore, it is suggested that appropriate practical and educational interventions be taken to increase the positive perception of ageing in the elderly and increase the social performance of the elderly in society.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Authors’ contributions: Elaheh Shoushtari-Moghaddam: conception and design, systematic searching, drafting of the article and screening; Mohammad Hossein Kaveh: revised the drafting of article critically for important intellectual content; and Mahin Nazari: approval of the version to be published.The authors would like to thank Zohre Moeini for valuable help in preparation of the review.

Citation

Shoushtari-Moghaddam, E., Kaveh, M.H. and Nazari, M. (2022), "Ageing perception and social functioning in older adults: a narrative review", Working with Older People, Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 165-173. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-09-2021-0051

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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