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The relationships among self-efficacy, health literacy, self-care and glycemic control in older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Ariyanti Saleh (Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia)
Wirda Wirda (Tanawali Persada Health Sciences Institute, Takalar, Indonesia)
Andi Masyitha Irwan (Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia)
Aulia Insani Latif (Department of Nursing, Pelamonia Health Sciences Institute, Makassar, Indonesia)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 4 March 2021

Issue publication date: 12 May 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to identify the relationships among self-efficacy, health literacy, self-care and glycemic control in older people with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM).

Design/methodology/approach

This study was a descriptive analytics correlational study with a cross-sectional design. The sampling method was purposive sampling involving 68 older people with type 2 DM.

Findings

The results showed that self-efficacy, health literacy and self-care correlated with glycemic control at significant levels of p = 0.020, p = 0.002 and p = 0.022, respectively.

Practical implications

Nurses should help older people with type 2 DM in maintaining their self-efficacy and self-care and increasing their health literacy to ensure their glycemic control is in normal state.

Originality/value

This study showed that self-care, self-efficacy and health literacy had a significant correlation with glycemic control in older people with type 2 DM. It indicates that the better self-care, self-efficacy and health literacy of patients, the more likely the patients’ blood HbA1C level to be in the normal range.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors thank all who participated in this study. The authors also wish to thank their colleagues at the Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, and all the colleagues who have helped in this study. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.Conflict of Interest: All authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.

Citation

Saleh, A., Wirda, W., Irwan, A.M. and Latif, A.I. (2021), "The relationships among self-efficacy, health literacy, self-care and glycemic control in older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus", Working with Older People, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 164-169. https://doi.org/10.1108/WWOP-08-2020-0044

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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