This paper has three main elements to it. The first is to present some of the epidemiological considerations of this situation. The second is to describe some of the risk factors and by extension, the interventions that might be helpful. Third, a case study on the Welsh situation will be described.
This paper draws from the published literature and combines this with the professional experience of the author in Wales. Epidemiological calculations are presented using readily available data and summarised diagrammatically.
Falls and fractures constitute a significant public health challenge due to the number of individuals affected and the seriousness of impacts. Risk factors, such as vitamin D deficiency, are open to modification and interventions such as exercise are also helpful. In Wales, policy could be geared to improving the response to this, such as an expansion of cost saving fracture liaison services.
This paper draws together a diverse literature to help develop policy in Wales.
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