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COVID-19 outbreak in India: age-wise analysis of patients

Rajan Kumar (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, India)

Working with Older People

ISSN: 1366-3666

Article publication date: 21 March 2022

Issue publication date: 28 November 2022




The purpose of this paper is to indicate the current situation of the COVID-19 outbreak in India, the world's second-most populous country. India reported its first COVID-19 case in the southern province of Kerala in late January 2020. Since then, the outbreak has spread to other provinces and union territories, with the highest number of cases reported in Maharashtra province as of 24 May 2020.


This paper presents the age- and gender-wise analysis of COVID-19 patients in Maharashtra province and the whole nation.


It shows that 75% of them belong to the age group of 21–60 years and the age above 50 years has a very high fatality rate of 14.52% in Maharashtra. This analysis also shows that 76% of COVID-19 cases are in males in the nation. The data indicates that in the nation, 75.3% of the deaths are in the age group over 60 years and 86% of cases of death had diabetes-related comorbidity, hypertension, chronic kidney problems and heart problems. In India, the case-fatality rate, which estimates the proportion of deaths among identified confirmed cases, is 2.93% as of 24 May, which is significantly less than that many countries.


To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first attempt to indicate the current situation of the COVID-19 outbreak in India based on age and gender.



The author would like to express his wholehearted gratitude and appreciation to all the health-care workers and police at the frontlines fighting against COVID-19 in the nation for their immense sacrifices, exemplary commitment, dedication and unwavering efforts in regulating COVID-19, always risking their own lives for the country’s betterment. The author is also very grateful to the MoHFW, GoI, for all the efforts and the information provided on the websites regularly and on time.


Kumar, R. (2022), "COVID-19 outbreak in India: age-wise analysis of patients", Working with Older People, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 319-324.



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