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Paleoecological studies of an archeological site in Sudan (Musawarat ElSufra): Evidence of climatic change

Amel Hassan Abdallah (Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Khartoum, Sudan)
Dafaala Ali Ibrahim (Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Khartoum, Sudan)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Article publication date: 5 October 2015

70

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to measure the environmental changes, which took place in the study area Musawarat ElSufra and the authors try to find the causes of these changes and establish a comparison of the present and past vegetation of the area.

Design/methodology/approach

Present vegetation was investigated using fresh plant materials for pollen analysis. Fossils were taken from the hafir (basin) to study the fossil pollen grains at different soil depths. Soil surface samples were taken to analyze the chemical and physical properties of the soil.

Findings

The pollen analysis of the samples taken from the hafir (basin) of Musawarat reveals that there are 21 species belonging to 16 families. The dominant families were Cyperaceae, Commelinaceae, Mimosaceae and Amaranthaceae.

Originality/value

Comparison of past and present vegetation reveal the causes of environmental change and insure sustainable development in arid region.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work has been published previously in its current or a substantially similar form and I have obtained permission to republish the Work. The previously published Work is fully attributed and referenced. I have provided evidence of permission to republish from the copyright holder © World Association for Sustainable Development (WASD).

This paper has been published in a conference proceedings publication by WASD in 2015.

Citation

Abdallah, A.H. and Ibrahim, D.A. (2015), "Paleoecological studies of an archeological site in Sudan (Musawarat ElSufra): Evidence of climatic change", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 246-256. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2015-0048

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Authors

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