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Liberalization and greenhouse gases emissions in the EU-10

Feride Gonel (Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey)
Tolga Aksoy (Department of Economics, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy)
Baris Nevzat Vardar (Universite Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Article publication date: 4 October 2013




The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between liberalization and greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions in Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs). After their memberships, most of the CEECs have already committed to reducing their GHGs emissions. Although emissions have decreased on average, there is a substantial heterogeneity among the countries. Within the liberalization and integration efforts, increasingly huge amount of foreign direct investment (FDI) has flown to the region. Therefore, the question is whether or not this increase in foreign investment to CEECs is related to the polluting industries. The coincidence of increased FDI and GHGs emission has led us to study the relationship between them.


The paper exploited cross-sectional and time series variation of the data.


The paper found that the polluting FDI is positively associated with GHGs emissions in CEECs.


Few previous studies have taken into account FDI and environmental performance together, so the analysis represents a notable contribution to the pollution haven literature.



Gonel, F., Aksoy, T. and Nevzat Vardar, B. (2013), "Liberalization and greenhouse gases emissions in the EU-10", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 288-296.



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Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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