Does agricultural sector foreign direct investment promote economic growth of Pakistan? Evidence from cointegration and causality analysis

Abbas Ali Chandio (College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China)
Amir Ali Mirani (College of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China)
Rashid Usman Shar (College of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Publication date: 24 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the linkage between agricultural sector foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth in Pakistan over the period from 1991 to 2013.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the stationary analysis is performed by using Phillips–Perron and Dickey–Fuller generalized least squares unit root tests and Johansen cointegration technique to determine the long-run linkage among the studied variables. The robustness of long-run linkage is checked by employing autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach, dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS), fully modified ordinary least square method (FMOLS) and the canonical cointegration regression (CCR). The causal linkage between the selected variables is investigated by the VECM Granger causality test.

Findings

The results of the Johansen cointegration test confirmed a cointegrating association between the variables. In addition, the results of the ARDL, DOLS, FMOLS and CCR showed that agricultural sector FDI has a strong positive significant effect on economic growth in long run. Moreover, the findings of the present empirical study revealed that there exists bidirectional Granger causality between the agricultural sector FDI and economic growth in both short run and long run.

Originality/value

The present empirical study filled the literature gap of applying the Granger causality based on error-correction model to examine this relevant issue for Pakistan.

Keywords

Citation

Chandio, A., Mirani, A. and Shar, R. (2019), "Does agricultural sector foreign direct investment promote economic growth of Pakistan? Evidence from cointegration and causality analysis", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-05-2019-0025

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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