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Seedling production and choice among cashew farmers in Ghana: a profitability analysis

Richard Kwasi Bannor (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Helena Oppong-Kyeremeh (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Steffen Abele (University of Applied Forest Sciences, Rottenburg, Germany)
Frank Osei Tutu (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Samual Kwabena Chaa Kyire (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Dickson Agyina (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5961

Article publication date: 24 April 2020

Issue publication date: 18 May 2020

279

Abstract

Purpose

The unavailability and inadequate use of cashew seedlings for propagation are part of the challenges facing the cashew sub-sector in Ghana. However, promoting investment into cashew seedling production should be based on the analysis of the profitability and viability of such a venture as well as the respective determinants of farmers' demand for the planting material.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used gross margin/contribution, net margin and contribution ratios to analyse the profitability of cashew seedling production under four different business models. Also, the determinants of choice of planting material for cashew plantation among farmers was analysed via a multinomial probit regression.

Findings

The study revealed that cashew seedling production is profitable with a gross margin of $8,474, $2,242, $1,616 and $1,797 and contribution to sales of 31–53% for the various business models. The positive determinants of the use of cashew seedlings were off-farm job participation and extension contact, whereas farm size and age of plantation negatively influenced the use of seedlings. Land acquisition method also influenced the use of both seedlings and seeds negatively.

Practical implications

The findings provide empirical evidence of the viability and profitability of cashew seedling production as a viable business venture and off-farm opportunity in rural areas. The information from the study will help major stakeholders in cashew production to understand the type of farmers who use seeds and seedlings as well as the reasons for using or otherwise.

Originality/value

Significant research in the cashew value chain had focussed on the profitability of cashew plantation with little literature on profitability and viability analysis of cashew seedling production. Similarly, this study provides a significant value chain job opportunity as well as literature on the choice of cashew seedlings among current and prospective end-users.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to Mr. Adams Buabeng, District Director of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture at Jaman North Municipality for his tremendous assistance before and during data collection. We also express our heartfelt appreciation to the farmers, seedling producers, grafters and the Wenchi Agricultural Research Station staff who spent time to answer the questionnaires.Availability of data and materials: The dataset used in this study is available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Citation

Bannor, R.K., Oppong-Kyeremeh, H., Abele, S., Osei Tutu, F., Chaa Kyire, S.K. and Agyina, D. (2020), "Seedling production and choice among cashew farmers in Ghana: a profitability analysis", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 109-129. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-11-2019-0089

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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