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The influence of health on economic growth from the perspective of sustainable development: a case of OECD countries

Seda Yıldırım (Department of Business Administration, Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey) (Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey)
Durmus Cagri Yildirim (Department of Economics, Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey)
Hande Calıskan (Department of Economics, Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey)

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5961

Article publication date: 29 April 2020

Issue publication date: 2 June 2020

361

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explain the role of health on economic growth for OECD countries in the context of sustainable development. Accordingly, the study investigates the relationship between health and economic growth in OECD countries.

Design/methodology/approach

This study employed cluster analysis and econometric methods. By cluster analysis, 12 OECD countries (France, Germany, Finland, Slovenia, Belgium, Portugal, Estonia, Czech Republic, Hungary, South Korea, Poland and Slovakia) were classified into two clusters as high and low health status through health indicators. For panel threshold analysis, the data included growth rates, life expectancy at birth, export rates, population data, fixed capital investments, inflation and foreign direct investment for the period of 1999–2016.

Findings

The study determined two main clusters as countries with high health status (level) and low health status (level), but there was no threshold effect in clusters. It was concluded that an increase in the life expectancy at birth of countries with higher health status had no significant impact on economic growth. However, the increase in the life expectancy at birth of countries with lower health status influenced economic growth positively.

Research limitations/implications

This study used data that including period of 1999–2016 for OECD countries. In addition, the study used cluster analysis to determine health status of countries, and then panel threshold analysis was preferred to explain significant relations.

Originality/value

This study showed that the role of health on economic growth can change toward country groups as higher and lower health status. It was proved that higher life expectancy can influence economic growth positively in countries with worse or low health status. In this context, developing countries, which try to achieve sustainable development, should improve their health status to achieve economic and social development at the same time.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was derived from a paper that was presented in International Congress of Management, Economy and Policy in Turkey, December 1–2, 2018.

Citation

Yıldırım, S., Yildirim, D.C. and Calıskan, H. (2020), "The influence of health on economic growth from the perspective of sustainable development: a case of OECD countries", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 16 No. 3, pp. 181-194. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-09-2019-0071

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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