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Transformational leadership and employee turnover intention: The mediating role of affective commitment

Michael Asiedu Gyensare (Department of Business Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana)
Olivia Anku-Tsede (Department of Organisation & Human Resource Management, University of Ghana Business School, Legon, Ghana)
Mohammed-Aminu Sanda (Department of Organisation & Human Resource Management, University of Ghana Business School, Legon, Ghana)
Christopher Adjei Okpoti (Department of Mathematics Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana)

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5961

Article publication date: 11 July 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of transformational leadership on employee turnover intention through the mediating role of affective commitment.

Design/methodology/approach

The study examines conceptual relationships in the Ghanaian context, based on structural equation modelling with maximum likelihood estimation, using sample employees from the private sector organizations. In addition, the mediation analysis is conducted with Sobel’s test and 95 per cent CI bootstrap analysis.

Findings

The study shows that affective commitment would decline workers’ quitting intention and serves to promote a degree of trust and willingness to follow their leaders’ philosophy, ideology, vision and guidance in the organization. Hence, affective commitment fully mediates the relationship between transformational leadership and employee turnover intention.

Practical implications

To help lessen employees quitting intentions, both middle and top-level managers should endeavour to create an atmosphere of trust, admiration, loyalty and respect for their employees.

Originality/value

Overall it is shown that affective commitment was the mechanism through which transformational leadership influences employees’ turnover intentions in the SLCs in Ghana.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

A previous version of this paper was presented at the Africa Academy of Management Conference on Managing Africa’s Future: Prospects and Challenges (2016), Nairobi, Kenya.

Declaration of Conflicting Interests: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interests with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this paper.

Citation

Gyensare, M.A., Anku-Tsede, O., Sanda, M.-A. and Okpoti, C.A. (2016), "Transformational leadership and employee turnover intention: The mediating role of affective commitment", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 243-266. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-02-2016-0008

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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