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Low planting densities for early maturation of Mauritia flexuosa for the sustainable management of plantations in Alto Huallaga, Peru

Ytavclerh Vargas (Department of the Faculty of Forestry Research, Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva, Tingo Maria, Peru)
Ronald H. Puerta (Department of the Faculty of Forestry Research, Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva, Tingo Maria, Peru)
Frits Palomino Vera (Department of the Faculty of Forestry Research, Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva, Tingo Maria, Peru)
Doris Esenarro Vargas (INERN Specialized Institute for Research on Ecosystems and Natural Resources, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, Peru)
Ciro Rodriguez Rodriguez (Facultad de Ingeniería de Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru and Facultad de Ingeniería Informática y Electrónica, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, Peru)
Bishwajeet Pandey (Department of Computer Science, Birla Institute of Applied Sciences, Bhimtal, India and Gran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, Italy)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 7 December 2020

Issue publication date: 29 July 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to characterize the sexual maturation of M. flexuosa plantations in Tulumayo.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology in this paper was selection of three plots in open field and usage of different densities of planting, after the maturation of the first plants, we began the quarterly evaluation. There was total 28 evaluations in seven years of age.

Findings

As a result, it was determined that at 12 years, the plots with lower density presented a greater number of mature individuals, with a predominance of female palms that produced an average of four bunches of fruit per year, and males five inflorescences. In addition, 15% of adult female plants went dormant, whereas males accounted for 3.4%. Reproductive cycles began in September and culminated in October of the following year, which were synchronized with rainfall.

Originality/value

Planting density was a determining factor in the early maturity of M. flexuosa and sustainable plantation management.

Keywords

Citation

Vargas, Y., Puerta, R.H., Palomino Vera, F., Esenarro Vargas, D., Rodriguez Rodriguez, C. and Pandey, B. (2021), "Low planting densities for early maturation of Mauritia flexuosa for the sustainable management of plantations in Alto Huallaga, Peru", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 573-578. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-09-2020-0416

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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