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Exploration and prioritization of just in time enablers for sustainable health care: an integrated GRA-Fuzzy TOPSIS application

Mahender Singh Kaswan (School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Rajeev Rathi (School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Mahipal Singh (School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes (University of Derby, Derby, UK)
Jiju Antony (Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, UK)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 21 June 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The increased health-care costs, improved service quality and sustainability-oriented customer demand have forced the health-care sector to relook their current process. The present work deals with the identification, analysis and prioritization of just in time (JIT) enablers in the health-care sector.

Design/methodology/approach

JIT leads to waste reduction, improves productivity and provides high-quality patient care. The practical implementation of JIT depends on vital factors known as enablers. The enablers have been found through the comprehensive literature review and prioritized using responses from different health-care facilities of the national capital region of India. Grey relational analysis (GRA) has been used in the present study to rank enablers and ranks were further validated using the fuzzy technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) and sensitivity analysis.

Findings

It has been found that top management support, teamwork and real-time information sharing are the most significant enablers of JIT in health care with grey relational grades 0.956, 0.832 and 0.718, respectively. The corresponding closeness coefficients of the fuzzy TOPSIS for the enablers were found as 0.875, 0.802 and 0.688, respectively. The findings of the present research work will facilitate the health-care organizations to implement a comprehensive JIT approach that further leads to improved patient care at a low cost.

Originality/value

The present study is unique in terms of the exploration of the readiness measures or enablers of JIT using GRA and fuzzy TOPSIS. The findings of the present research work will facilitate the health-care organizations to optimize their resources for better patient care.

Keywords

Citation

Kaswan, M.S., Rathi, R., Singh, M., Garza-Reyes, J.A. and Antony, J. (2021), "Exploration and prioritization of just in time enablers for sustainable health care: an integrated GRA-Fuzzy TOPSIS application", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-09-2020-0414

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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