Real-time parking slot availability for Bhavnagar, using statistical block matching approach
Article publication date: 1 October 2020
Issue publication date: 19 October 2020
The purpose of this paper is to find a real-time parking location for a four-wheeler.
Real-time parking availability using specific infrastructure requires a high cost of installation and maintenance cost, which is not affordable to all urban cities. The authors present statistical block matching algorithm (SBMA) for real-time parking management in small-town cities such as Bhavnagar using an in-built surveillance CCTV system, which is not installed for parking application. In particular, data from a camera situated in a mall was used to detect the parking status of some specific parking places using a region of interest (ROI). The method proposed computes the mean value of the pixels inside the ROI using blocks of different sizes (8 × 10 and 20 × 35), and the values were compared among different frames. When the difference between frames is more significant than a threshold, the process generates “no parking space for that place.” Otherwise, the method yields “parking place available.” Then, this information is used to print a bounding box on the parking places with the color green/red to show the availability of the parking place.
The real-time feedback loop (car parking positions) helps the presented model and dynamically refines the parking strategy and parking position to the users. A whole-day experiment/validation is shown in this paper, where the evaluation of the method is performed using pattern recognition metrics for classification: precision, recall and F1 score.
The authors found real-time parking availability for Himalaya Mall situated in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, for 18th June 2018 video using the SBMA method with accountable computational time for finding parking slots. The limitations of the presented method with future implementation are discussed at the end of this paper.
The authors would like to thank the editor and the reviewers for their comments and suggestions that helped improve this paper’s quality.
D. Trivedi, J., Mandalapu, S.D. and Dave, D.H. (2020), "Real-time parking slot availability for Bhavnagar, using statistical block matching approach", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 17 No. 6, pp. 811-821. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-09-2019-0263
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited