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Smart home autonomous water management system for agricultural applications

Hariprasath Manoharan (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Audisankara College of Engineering and Technology, Gudur, India)
Adam Raja Basha (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Audisankara College of Engineering and Technology, Gudur, India)
Yuvaraja Teekaraman (Information Communication Convergence Research Center, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, South Korea)
Abirami Manoharan (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Government College of Engineering and Technology, Srirangam, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 2 May 2020

Issue publication date: 21 May 2020

Abstract

Purpose

In recent days, there is a huge loss in the income of farmers due to the reasons such as low water lever and increased pesticide attack. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to establish an efficient reliable low-cost information gathering Reliable Low-Cost Information Gathering Protocol (RLCIG) protocol for agricultural water irrigation using optimal clustering and path selection technique where the RCIG protocol wrinkles the expedient statistics about the moisture and temperature of the soil and it will be installed few inches below the pipeline. Thereafter, the congregated data will augment the irrigation of water by using a decision-making algorithm.

Design/methodology/approach

The projected model has been inscribed mathematically by underlying the wireless sensor networks (WSN) framework with deliberation of contemporary challenges. Furthermore, the energy, cost and expanse optimization framework in the WSN framework is presented. The projected technique has been tested using network simulator and the results are also integrated MATLAB.

Findings

Recently, for efficacious management in the field of agriculture, the WSN has been successfully assimilated. This instigation accomplishes the irrigation management in terms of energy, cost and communication distance. The simulation result shows that the proposed model yields better results in terms of both the transmission range and cost with efficient lifetime improvement in comparisons with existing techniques.

Originality/value

Agriculture is the need of the time whatever invention happens in the scientific world without food production no lives survive on the earth, hence, the scientific invention should also focus on agriculture, in this contrast, the authors have proposed an efficient low-cost information gathering (RCIG) protocol for agricultural water irrigation using optimal clustering and path selection technique.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This research received no external funding.

Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Citation

Manoharan, H., Basha, A.R., Teekaraman, Y. and Manoharan, A. (2020), "Smart home autonomous water management system for agricultural applications", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 445-455. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-07-2019-0194

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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