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Fluid elastic instability and vortex shedding in finned tube arrays: the effects of tube material and fin density

Pravin Hindurao Yadav (School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT-AP University, Amaravati, India and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharad Institute of Technology College of Engineering, Yadrav, India)
Sandeep R. Desai (Department of Automobile Engineering, K.E.S's Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, India)
Dillip Kumar Mohanty (School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT-AP University, Amaravati, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 3 January 2023

11

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present investigations on the significant influence of the tube material and fin density on fluid elastic instability and vortex shedding in a parallel triangular finned tube array subjected to water cross flow.

Design/methodology/approach

The experiment was conducted on finned tube arrays with a fin height of 6 mm and fin density of 3 fins per inch (fpi) and 9 fpi. A dedicated setup has been developed to examine fluid elastic instability and vortex shedding. Nine parallel triangular tube arrays with a pitch to tube diameter ratio of 1.78 were considered. The plain tube arrays, coarse finned tube arrays and fine finned tube arrays each of steel, copper and aluminium materials were tested. Plain tube arrays were tested to compare the results of the finned tube arrays having an effective tube diameter same as that of the plain tube.

Findings

A significant effect of fin density and tube material with a variable mass damping parameter was observed on the instability threshold. In the parallel triangular finned tube array subjected to water cross flow, a delay in the instability threshold was observed with an increase in fin density. For steel and aluminium tube arrays, the natural frequency is 9.77 Hz and 10.38 Hz, which is close to each other, whereas natural frequency of the copper tubes is 7.40 Hz. The Connors’ stability constant K for steel and aluminium tube arrays is 4.78 and 4.87, respectively, whereas it is 5.76 for copper tube arrays, which increases considerably compared to aluminum and steel tube arrays. The existence of vortex shedding is confirmed by comparing experimental results with Owen’s hypothesis and the Strouhal number and Reynolds number relationship.

Originality/value

This paper’s results contribute to understand the effect of tube materials and fin density on fluid elastic instability threshold of finned tube arrays subjected to water cross flow.

Keywords

Citation

Yadav, P.H., Desai, S.R. and Mohanty, D.K. (2023), "Fluid elastic instability and vortex shedding in finned tube arrays: the effects of tube material and fin density", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-05-2022-0215

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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