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A novel approach of privacy-preserving data sharing system through data-tagging with role-based access control

Tanvi Garg (Department of Computer Engineering, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies, Mumbai, India)
Navid Kagalwalla (Department of Computer Engineering, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies, Mumbai, India)
Shubha Puthran (Department of Computer Engineering, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies, Mumbai, India)
Prathamesh Churi (Department of Computer Engineering, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management and Higher Studies, Mumbai, India and Faculty of Engineering, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Pune, India)
Ambika Pawar (Faculty of Engineering, Symbiosis International University Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Pune, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 30 July 2021

Issue publication date: 11 January 2023

75

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to design a secure and seamless system that ensures quick sharing of health-care data to improve the privacy of sensitive health-care data, the efficiency of health-care infrastructure, effective treatment given to patients and encourage the development of new health-care technologies by researchers. These objectives are achieved through the proposed system, a “privacy-aware data tagging system using role-based access control for health-care data.”

Design/methodology/approach

Health-care data must be stored and shared in such a manner that the privacy of the patient is maintained. The method proposed, uses data tags to classify health-care data into various color codes which signify the sensitivity of data. It makes use of the ARX tool to anonymize raw health-care data and uses role-based access control as a means of ensuring only authenticated persons can access the data.

Findings

The system integrates the tagging and anonymizing of health-care data coupled with robust access control policies into one architecture. The paper discusses the proposed architecture, describes the algorithm used to tag health-care data, analyzes the metrics of the anonymized data against various attacks and devises a mathematical model for role-based access control.

Originality/value

The paper integrates three disparate topics – data tagging, anonymization and role-based access policies into one seamless architecture. Codifying health-care data into different tags based on International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes and applying varying levels of anonymization for each data tag along with role-based access policies is unique to the system and also ensures the usability of data for research.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflict of interest: The authors of this research study declare that there is NO conflict of interest.

Funding: Authors of this paper confirm that there is no funding received for this research work.

The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and respected editors for taking valuable time to go through the manuscript.

Citation

Garg, T., Kagalwalla, N., Puthran, S., Churi, P. and Pawar, A. (2023), "A novel approach of privacy-preserving data sharing system through data-tagging with role-based access control", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 12-28. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-04-2021-0218

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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