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Investigation on the performance of fiber reinforced concrete subjected to standard fire exposure

Alwyn Varghese (Jyothi Engineering College, Thrissur, India)
Anand N. (Department of Civil Engineering, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India)
Diana Andrushia (Karunya University, Coimbatore, India)
Prince Arulraj (Karunya University, Coimbatore, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 5 February 2021

Issue publication date: 28 May 2021

67

Abstract

Purpose

Aim of this research work is to examine the stress–strain behavior and modulus of elasticity of fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) exposed to elevated temperature. The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of standard fire exposure on the mechanical and microstructure characteristics of concrete specimens with different strength grade.

Design/methodology/approach

An electrical bogie hearth furnace was developed to simulate the ISO 834 standard fire curve. Specimens were exposed to high temperatures of 821°C, 925°C and 986°C for the duration of 30, 60 and 90 min, respectively, as per standard fire curve. Peak stress, peak strain, modulus of elasticity and damage level of heated concrete specimens were evaluated by experimental investigation. SEM-based microstructure investigation has been carried out to analyze the microstructure characteristics of heated concrete specimens.

Findings

The results revealed that carbon fiber reinforced concrete was found to be better than the FRC made with other fibers on improving the modulus of elasticity of concrete. An empirical relationship has been established to predict the modulus of elasticity of temperature exposed specimens with different type of fiber and grade of concrete. In comparison with low melting point fibers, high melting point fibers exhibited higher modulus of elasticity under all tested conditions. Surface damage and porosity level of concrete with carbon and basalt fibers were found to be lower than other FRC.

Originality/value

Empirical relationship was developed to determine the modulus of elasticity of concrete exposed to elevate temperature, and this will be useful for concrete design applications. This research work may be useful for finding the residual compressive strength of concrete exposed to elevate temperature. So that it will be helpful to identify the suitable repair/retrofitting technique for reinforced concrete elements.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Science and Engineering Research Board, YSS/2015/001196.

Citation

Varghese, A., N., A., Andrushia, D. and Arulraj, P. (2021), "Investigation on the performance of fiber reinforced concrete subjected to standard fire exposure", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 442-451. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-04-2020-0138

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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