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Invention of sustainable geopolymer concrete made with low calcium waste wood ash

K. Arunkumar (Department of Civil Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishanankoil, India)
Muthukannan Muthiah (Department of Civil Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishanankoil, India)
Suresh Kumar A. (Department of Civil Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishanankoil, India)
Chithambar Ganesh A. (Department of Civil Engineering, Sreevidya Nikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, India)
Kanniga Devi R. (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 9 July 2021

Issue publication date: 5 December 2022

128

Abstract

Purpose

Inefficient waste disposal technique and cement production methodology caused significant environmental impacts, leading to global warming. The purpose of the research was to invent an effective, sustainable technology to use the wastes and alternate for cement in concrete. Geopolymer technology could be the most desirable solution to use the wastes into an effective product.

Design/methodology/approach

The wood waste ash derived from nearby tea shops was used as an alternate binder for fly ash. The replacement of WWA with FA was varied from 0 to 100% at 10% intervals. In this research, setting and mechanical features of Geopolymer Concrete (GPC) along with Waste wood ash (WWA) was carried out. The influence of wood waste ash in the microstructure of the GPC was also assessed using scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction analysis.

Findings

The findings revealed that 30% replacement of wood waste ash was performed higher in all measured features. Besides, the formation of different phases was also observed with the inclusion of wood waste ash.

Research limitations/implications

The demand for fly ash was increased in recent years, and the fly-based GPC has required more alkaline solution and temperature curing. Hence, there was a research gap on finding an alternative binder for fly ash.

Originality/value

The research novelty was to use the wood waste ash, which has inbuilt alkaline compounds on the production of sustainable geopolymer. The finding showed that the wood waste ash could be alternate fly ash that eliminates the environmental impacts and economic thrust.

Keywords

Citation

Arunkumar, K., Muthiah, M., A., S.K., A., C.G. and R., K.D. (2022), "Invention of sustainable geopolymer concrete made with low calcium waste wood ash", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 19 No. 6, pp. 843-853. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-03-2021-0162

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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