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Modelling of accidental phenomena related to leakage and tank rupture of a vehicle converted to LPG

Mohamed Seddik Hellas (Department of Transportation Engineering, University of Constantine 1, Algeria)
Chaib Rachid (Department of Transportation Engineering, University of Constantine 1, Algeria)
Ion Verzea (Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 10 February 2021

Issue publication date: 28 May 2021

43

Abstract

Purpose

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), known by its ecological qualities, making Algeria has since the 1980s carried out a policy of development of LPG fuel in substitution of traditional fuels and especially petrol. However, following a series of accidents (fires, explosions, etc). that occurred in 1999, 20 years after the introduction of the LPG in France these incidents led to the search for the strengthening of the safety of the installations by better or new technical and/or organizational measures. This strategy consists in establishing a balance between environmental protection and economic profitability while ensuring the safety aspect.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach used is quantitative risk analysis authors have identified the potential accident scenarios that consist of leakage and rupture of tanks depend on bow tie. According to the latter using PHAST software, to model these scenarios (thermal, overpressure and dispersion) and their effects on human beings and goods.

Findings

In this paper, it was noted that there are scenarios such as (jet fire, dispersion), are affected by atmospheric conditions (wind speed humidity), the stronger the wind, the higher the LPG spread unlike instant scenarios (1.3 s for the fireball and millisecond for the explosion) that have not been related to climatic conditions because they have a short duration on the one hand, and on the other hand, a safe distance is given in each phenomenon. Finally, some instructions for drivers and installers have been identified by protective and preventive action.

Originality/value

Based on a quantitative risk analysis, this work involves modelling potential accident scenarios such as (fireball, jet fire, flash fire and explosion) in the event of a gas leak and rupture in the tank. It aims to sensitize drivers and LPG kit installers, even to get a clear view on these accidental phenomena and how to avoid them.

Keywords

Citation

Hellas, M.S., Rachid, C. and Verzea, I. (2021), "Modelling of accidental phenomena related to leakage and tank rupture of a vehicle converted to LPG", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 505-518. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-03-2020-0083

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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