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Design and analysis of three-axis cantilever type force sensor

Hemant P. Jawale (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India)
Ankur Jaiswal (Department of Mechanical Engineering, GMR Institute of Technology, Rajam, India)
Kapil N. Bhasme (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 28 June 2019

Issue publication date: 20 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The force sensing is used in robotic assembly tasks. The sensors developed are much advanced and costly. The force transducers are generally configured and deployed at the wrist of the robotic arm. The purpose of this paper is to describe the concept of an elastic transducer to make available cost-effective force sensor with simple construction and analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The analytical formulation is developed herewith for one-, two- and three-axis elastic cantilever configuration. The force to be measured can be calculated analytically using derived strain expressions. The strains are estimated using proposed formulation, further crosschecked through FEA approach. The analytical method for strain estimation using moment equations is presented along with validation using finite element method (FEM) tool (ANSYS 15.0) with the case study.

Findings

The derivation of expressions for force components from strains is developed. The resulting formulation found to confirm the estimated strains from analytical methods closely to the FEM results. Theoretically, it is possible to find contact forces and angle of force on stationary force platform. It is found that the magnitude of estimated contact forces is within 1 per cent deviations.

Research limitations/implications

The mathematical modeling and FEA simulation of the three-axis force sensor under elastic (no deformation) conditions.

Originality/value

These sensors are ranging from simple crossbar structure to Stewart platform type. The subsequent development in this field pertains to performance enhancement such as accuracy and cross-sensitivity. The basic structure of the sensor has not changed drastically. The major problem, as discussed by many authors, is a complex interdependence of six components and intricate geometrical structure. Derivation of expressions for force components from strains is a breakthrough contribution by the authors. The analytical treatment for finding the strains is aimed in this paper.

Keywords

Citation

Jawale, H.P., Jaiswal, A. and Bhasme, K.N. (2019), "Design and analysis of three-axis cantilever type force sensor", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 497-508. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-02-2019-0056

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited