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Experimental investigation of various ethanol blends impact on combustion and emissions characteristics of diesel ignited dual fuel HCCI engine

Ganesh Rupchand Gawale (Department of Mechanical, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India)
Naga Srinivasulu G. (Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 7 April 2021



Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine is an advanced combustion method to use alternate fuel with higher fuel economy and, reduce NOX and soot emissions. This paper aims to investigate the influence of ethanol fraction (ethanol plus gasoline) on dual fuel HCCI engine performance.


In this study, the existing CI engine is modified into dual fuel HCCI engine by attaching the carburetor to the inlet manifold for the supply of ethanol blend (E40/E60/E80/E100). The mixture of ethanol blend and the air is ignited by diesel through a fuel injector into the combustion chamber at the end of the compression stroke. The experiments are conducted for high load conditions on the engine i.e. 2.8 kW and 3.5 kW maximum output power for 1,500 constant rpm.


It is noticed from the experimental results that, with an increase of ethanol in the blends, ignition delay (ID) increases and the start of combustion is retarded. It is noticed that E100 shows the highest ID and low in-cylinder pressure; however, E40 shows the lowest ID compared to higher fractions of ethanol blends. An increase in ethanol proportion reduces NOX and smoke opacity but, HC and CO emissions increase compared to pure diesel mode engine. E100 plus diesel dual-fuel HCCI engine shows the highest brake thermal efficiency compared to remaining ethanol blends and baseline diesel engine.


This experimental study concluded that E100 plus diesel and E80 plus diesel gave optimum dual fuel HCCI engine performance for 2.8 kW and 3.5 kW rated power, respectively.



The authors would like to thank TEQIP-II and center of excellence, NIT Warangal, for providing Engine Testing facility and, TEQIP III for funding the procurement of consumables.


Gawale, G.R. and G., N.S. (2021), "Experimental investigation of various ethanol blends impact on combustion and emissions characteristics of diesel ignited dual fuel HCCI engine", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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