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The theory of planned behavior and knowledge sharing: A systematic review and meta-analytic structural equation modelling

Tuyet-Mai Nguyen (Department of Marketing, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia and Department of Economic Information System and E-commerce, Thuongmai University, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Phong Tuan Nham (School of Business Administration, VNU University of Economics and Business, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Viet-Ngu Hoang (QUT Business School, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)

VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems

ISSN: 2059-5891

Article publication date: 28 February 2019

Issue publication date: 5 March 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is the most frequently used model in knowledge sharing. However, the empirical results are inconclusive on whether TPB can provide reasonable prediction of knowledge sharing behavior (KSB). This study aims to examine TPB in knowledge sharing and identify potential moderators of relationships among constructs in TPB.

Design/methodology/approach

This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 26 studies examining TPB in knowledge sharing. A meta-analytical structural equation model (MASEM) was used to test original and modified TPB models and examine potential moderators.

Findings

The results show that attitude has the strongest relationship with intention, followed by perceived behavior control and then subjective norms. Intention shows the strongest association with KSB, followed by perceived behavior control. The moderator roles of culture, economic wealth and information technology support are found in the model.

Originality/value

This study is the first attempt to provide a systematic review and MASEM in TPB in knowledge sharing.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 502.02-2016.03.

Citation

Nguyen, T.-M., Nham, P.T. and Hoang, V.-N. (2019), "The theory of planned behavior and knowledge sharing: A systematic review and meta-analytic structural equation modelling", VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, Vol. 49 No. 1, pp. 76-94. https://doi.org/10.1108/VJIKMS-10-2018-0086

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited