Strategic management model with lens of knowledge management and competitive intelligence

Muhammad Shujahat (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)
Saddam Hussain (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)
Sammar Javed (University of Huddersfield Business School, Huddersfield, UK)
Muhammad Imran Malik (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)
Ramayah Thurasamy (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Malaysia)
Junaid Ali (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)

VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems

ISSN: 2059-5891

Publication date: 13 February 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is primarily to discuss the synergic and separate use of knowledge and intelligence, via knowledge management and competitive intelligence, in each stage of strategic management process. Next, this paper aims to discuss the implications of each stage of strategic management process for knowledge management and competitive intelligence and vice versa.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review was performed within time frame of 2000-2016. Extracted information from reviewed studies was synthesized and integrated in strategic management model of Fred David.

Findings

A strategic management model with lens of knowledge management and competitive intelligence is proposed. Each stage of knowledge management process has implications for knowledge management and competitive intelligence and vice versa. In addition, synergic and separate use of knowledge and intelligence results in effective decision-making, leading to competitive advantage.

Research limitations/implications

Learning curve of knowledge management and competitive intelligence and being limited to the use of Fred David model are among the many key limitations.

Practical implications

Experts of knowledge management, competitive intelligence and strategic management can use this study to gain competitive advantage based on knowledge and information resources. Organizations should have knowledge management function and competitive intelligence to support the strategy formulation, implementation and evaluation.

Social implications

Readers can take a view for how they can manage their knowledge and information resources from a strategic perspective.

Originality/value

This study proposes a strategic management model with lens of knowledge management and competitive intelligence. The model discusses ways for synergic and separate use of knowledge and intelligence in each stage of strategic management, leading to competitive advantage. In addition, it discusses the holistic and integrated implications of knowledge management and competitive intelligence for each stage of strategic management process and vice versa.

Keywords

Citation

Muhammad Shujahat, Saddam Hussain, Sammar Javed, Muhammad Imran Malik, Ramayah Thurasamy and Junaid Ali (2017) "Strategic management model with lens of knowledge management and competitive intelligence", VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, Vol. 47 No. 1, pp. 55-93

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DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/VJIKMS-06-2016-0035

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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