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Role of personal relationships in mitigating knowledge hiding behaviour in firms: a dyadic perspective

Atif Saleem Butt (Department of Management, School of Business, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates)
Ahmad Bayiz Ahmad (Department of Public Administration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China and Department of Administration, University of Raparin, Ranya, Iraq)
Syed Hamad Hassan Shah (Glorious Son School of Business, Donghua University, Shanghai, China)

VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems

ISSN: 2059-5891

Article publication date: 19 July 2021

164

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the role of personal relationships (friendships) in mitigating knowledge hiding behaviour between managers.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a phenomenological methodology by studying seven UAE-based firms. Furthermore, 30 semi-structured (15 dyadic) interviews with senior managers are undertaken. The senior managers were chosen from multiple industries including plastic, frozen food, logistics, etc.

Findings

Based on 30 semi-structured interviews and comprehensive data analysis, results reveal that the development of personal relationships between managers results in higher interpersonal trust, mutual loyalty, higher cooperation, strong mutual goals and cultivation of reciprocity. The result further states that these factors diminish knowledge hiding behaviour between them.

Research limitations/implications

This study has some limitations. First, this study explores behavioural patterns concerning the United Arab Emirates culture only. Second, the results presented in this study should be quantitatively tested to demonstrate their generalizability.

Practical implications

Firms can use this study’s findings to understand how and why personal relationships between managers within firms diminish knowledge hiding behaviour.

Originality/value

There is a dire need for research exploring how knowledge hiding can be mitigated in firms. This paper addresses this gap by exploring the role of personal relationships in the knowledge hiding literature.

Keywords

Citation

Butt, A.S., Ahmad, A.B. and Shah, S.H.H. (2021), "Role of personal relationships in mitigating knowledge hiding behaviour in firms: a dyadic perspective", VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/VJIKMS-01-2021-0009

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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