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The mediating role of passenger satisfaction on the relationship between service quality and behavioral intentions of low-cost carriers

Hsiu-Fen Lin (Department of Shipping and Transportation Management, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Article publication date: 21 December 2021

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022

301

Abstract

Purpose

By extending the existing service quality dimensions and reflecting the low-cost carriers (LCCs) context, the purpose ot this study aims to develop the research model to examine whether passenger satisfaction mediates the relationship between service quality and behavioral intentions of LCCs across low- and high-experience passengers.

Design/methodology/approach

Data collected from 320 passengers (180 for low-experience passengers and 140 for high-experience passengers) to test the research model. The partial least square structural equation modeling approach was used to perform the path modeling and multi-group analysis.

Findings

The results confirm that passenger satisfaction mediates the relationship between four service quality constructs (tangible features, service reliability, quality of personnel and online ticketing service) and behavioral intentions (repurchase and recommendation intentions) for both low- and high-experience passengers. However, convenient flight schedule has a significant influence on passenger satisfaction only for low-experience passengers.

Practical implications

The results of multi-group analysis indicated that passenger satisfaction exerts stronger effect on recommendation intentions for low-experience passengers. LCCs managers' priority should be placed on providing satisfying service experiences to less experienced passengers. Improved passenger satisfaction through superior service quality motivates low-experience passengers to recommend LCCs, thus increasing the positive word-of-mouth promotion.

Originality/value

Theoretically, this study is first considering both low- and high-experience LCCs passenger perceptions to examine how passenger satisfaction mediates the relationship between service quality and post-purchase intentions. From the managerial perspective, the findings can provide useful management insights into developing multi-faceted strategies that allow LCCs firms to restore passenger confidence and retain their repurchase intentions.

Keywords

Citation

Lin, H.-F. (2022), "The mediating role of passenger satisfaction on the relationship between service quality and behavioral intentions of low-cost carriers", The TQM Journal, Vol. 34 No. 6, pp. 1691-1712. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-06-2021-0187

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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