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Investigating the role of strategic thinking in establishing organizational excellence model: A moderating role of organizational forgetting

Mohammad Javad Ershadi (Department of Information Technology, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran, Iran)
Rouhollah Eskandari Dehdazzi (Electronic Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Article publication date: 13 June 2019

Issue publication date: 21 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the role of organizational forgetting in the impact of strategic thinking on the implementation of an organizational excellence model. Furthermore, the factors with main effects on the implementation success of the organizational excellence model are investigated. The two main causes of organizational forgetting, including purposefulness and randomness, along with the three main factors of strategic thinking (vision, creativity and systematic thinking) also are explored. Enablers and results, which are the two key parts of an organizational excellence model are considered as well.

Design/methodology/approach

A model based on structural equations is designed, in which organizational forgetting factors, strategic thinking measures and main parts of a business excellence model are incorporated based on the literature. A total of 297 Iranian companies in which an organizational excellence model had been implemented are selected for investigation. A questionnaire is designed and distributed among the experts, middle managers and top managers of these companies. Based on Cochran’s formula, the sample size of 168 is obtained, for which the response rate is 100 percent. Main statistical measures such as χ2 ratio to degree of freedom, non-soft fitness index (RMSEA), fitness index (GFI) and modified fitness index (AGFI) are used to assess the performance of the proposed model.

Findings

According to the results of the statistical significance tests, the role of organizational obsessive mediators in the establishment of the organizational excellence model has been largely confirmed. Furthermore, the mediator role of organizational forgetting in the final impact of strategic thinking on implementing an organizational excellence model has been widely endorsed. Failure to use knowledge from learning, the inability of a company in coding and documenting knowledge and lack of incentives to share it are the most important factors in the forgetting of knowledge in companies.

Research limitations/implications

As top managers, middle managers and experts are hard to reach due to the wide geographical spread of the organization under study, a questionnaire is designed and distributed among them. The impact of organizational forgetting on other quality management systems such as ISO 9001 and ISO 4001 needs another research to be conducted in the future.

Practical implications

Using new experiences, increasing the competency of employees and managers experience through organizational learning, employee and managerial assessment and organizational strategy assessment are the main practical methods for considering organizational forgetting in the process of implementing organizational excellence models.

Originality/value

This research addresses organizational forgetting besides strategic thinking as joint main roles for implementing organizational excellence, whereas previous research works only considered strategic thinking as a factor. Furthermore, a structural equation model is developed for appraisal of effect of different factors.

Keywords

Citation

Ershadi, M.J. and Eskandari Dehdazzi, R. (2019), "Investigating the role of strategic thinking in establishing organizational excellence model: A moderating role of organizational forgetting", The TQM Journal, Vol. 31 No. 4, pp. 620-640. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-05-2018-0062

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited