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Service-based vs. goods-based positioning of the product concept: Effects on customer perceived value

Fabio Cassia (Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, Verona, Italy)
Marta Maria Ugolini (Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, Verona, Italy)
Nicola Cobelli (Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, Verona, Italy)
Liz Gill (Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Article publication date: 9 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

To counteract increasing competition and satisfy evolving customers’ needs, many firms are changing the positioning of their product concepts, from being product-based into service-based. Despite the increasing relevance of this shift, it is still unclear if this choice has a differential impact on customer perceived value. The purpose of this paper is to analyze customer perceived value for a firm’s product concept being positioned either as service-based or goods-based.

Design/methodology/approach

An experiment was conducted using stimuli for two different product categories (hearing aids and bicycles) and measuring customers perceived value through the PERVAL scale’s four dimensions (quality value, emotional value, price value and social value).

Findings

The results show that presenting the product concepts as service-based instead of good-based can enhance customer perceived value (in particular: quality, emotional and social value), but only if customers are not familiar with the product.

Research limitations/implications

The study is based on one experiment and considers only two product categories. Further studies are needed to corroborate findings.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that, under specific circumstances, the firm may improve customers’ attitude toward the product by emphasizing a service-based instead of a good-based positioning of the product concept.

Originality/value

To our knowledge, this is the first research to evaluate the effects on customer perceived value of repositioning a product which has been traditionally goods-based (such a hearing aid and a bicycle) into service-based.

Keywords

Citation

Cassia, F., Ugolini, M.M., Cobelli, N. and Gill, L. (2015), "Service-based vs. goods-based positioning of the product concept: Effects on customer perceived value ", The TQM Journal, Vol. 27 No. 2, pp. 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-01-2015-0005

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited