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Teams need to be healthy, too: toward a definition and model of healthy teams

Allison Traylor (Department of Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA)
Julie Dinh (Department of Management, University of Houston Downtown, Houston, Texas, USA)
Chelsea LeNoble (Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA)
Jensine Paoletti (Department of Psychological Sciences, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA)
Marissa Shuffler (Department of Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA)
Donald Wiper (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA)
Eduardo Salas (Department of Psychological Sciences, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA)

Team Performance Management

ISSN: 1352-7592

Article publication date: 15 April 2024

153

Abstract

Purpose

Teams across a wide range of contexts must look beyond task performance to consider the affective, cognitive and behavioral health of their members. Despite much interest in team health in practice, consideration of team health has remained scant from a research perspective. The purpose of this paper is to address these issues by advancing a definition and model of team health.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors review relevant literature on team stress, processes and emergent states to propose a definition and model of team health.

Findings

The authors advance a definition of team health, or the holistic, dynamic compilation of states that emerge and interact as a team resource to buffer stress. Further, the authors argue that team health improves outcomes at both the individual and team level by improving team members’ well-being and enhancing team effectiveness, respectively. In addition, the authors propose a framework integrating the job demands-resources model with the input-mediator-output-input model of teamwork to illustrate the behavioral drivers that promote team health, which buffers teams stress to maintain members’ well-being and team effectiveness.

Originality/value

This work answers calls from multidisciplinary industries for work that considers team health, providing implications for future research in this area.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by US Army Research Institute (ARI) for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Grant/Award Number: W911NF-19-2-0173. This work was also partially supported by the Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences (University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA), which is funded by the National Institutes of Health (Clinical and Translational Award UL1 T R003167) from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. Rice University is a partner on this grant.

Citation

Traylor, A., Dinh, J., LeNoble, C., Paoletti, J., Shuffler, M., Wiper, D. and Salas, E. (2024), "Teams need to be healthy, too: toward a definition and model of healthy teams", Team Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/TPM-09-2023-0071

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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