Toward data-based clinical decision making for adults with challenging behavior using the Behavior Problems Inventory-Short Form (BPI-S)

Darren L. Bowring (Department of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)
Vasiliki Totsika (Centre for Educational Development, Appraisal and Research, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK)
Richard P. Hastings (Centre for Educational Development, Appraisal and Research, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK)
Sandy Toogood (Department of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)

Tizard Learning Disability Review

ISSN: 1359-5474

Publication date: 3 April 2018

Abstract

Purpose

The Behavior Problems Inventory-Short Form (BPI-S) is a shorter version of the Behavior Problems Inventory-01. In this paper, BPI-S population norms are reported from a total administrative population of adults with intellectual disability (ID). To facilitate the use of the BPI-S in clinical services to assess behavior change, the purpose of this paper is to describe how to use BPI-S clinically significant and reliable change (RC) scores.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were gathered on 265 adults with ID known to services. Proxy informants completed the BPI-S on challenging behaviors over the previous six months. Clinically significant cut-off values and RC scores were calculated using the Jacobson and Truax’s (1991) method.

Findings

BPI-S clinical reference data are presented to provide benchmarks for individual and group comparisons regarding challenging behavior. Examples demonstrate how to use clinical norms to determine change.

Practical implications

Behavior change is a major goal of researchers and practitioners. Data from the present study can make the BPI-S a valuable tool for determining change in challenging behavior following service input or intervention.

Originality/value

Whilst well used in research, the BPI-S may be less extensively used in practice. This present study provides data to enable researchers and practitioners to use the BPI-S more widely in assessing clinical outcomes, such as intervention research and service evaluation.

Keywords

Citation

Bowring, D., Totsika, V., Hastings, R. and Toogood, S. (2018), "Toward data-based clinical decision making for adults with challenging behavior using the Behavior Problems Inventory-Short Form (BPI-S)", Tizard Learning Disability Review, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 103-110. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLDR-06-2017-0025

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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