The purpose of this paper is to analyse rates of inpatient admissions for people with learning disabilities in England and to identify factors associated with higher rates of inpatient admission.
Secondary analysis of data submitted as part of the Transforming Care programme in England.
2,510 people with learning disabilities in England were inpatients on 31st March 2016. Findings indicate that people with learning disabilities are at risk of higher rate of inpatient admission than can be explained by prevalence within the general population; this risk may be associated with areas where there are higher numbers of inpatient settings which provide assessment and treatment for people with learning disabilities.
Variability in the quality of the data submitted by commissioners across the 48 Transforming Care Plan areas mean that greater attention needs to be paid to determining the validity of the common reporting method. This would improve the quality of data and insight from any future analysis.
The study’s findings are consistent with the hypothesis that geographical variations in the risk of people with learning disabilities being admitted to inpatient services are not consistent with variations in prevalence rates for learning disability. The findings support the hypothesis that building alternatives to inpatient units should impact positively on the numbers of learning disabled people who are able to live independent lives.
This is the first study which examines the data which commissioners in England have reported to NHS England on the experience of people with learning disabilities who are admitted as inpatients and to report on the possible factors which result in higher rates of inpatient admission.
The findings and views reported in this paper are those of the authors and should not be attributed to any other agency. The authors wish to note their thanks to the families involved in the seven Days of Action Campaign and the development of My Own Front Door for their trust in sharing data they collected with them.
James, E., Hatton, C. and Brown, M. (2017), "Variation in rates of inpatient admissions and lengths of stay experienced by adults with learning disabilities in England", Tizard Learning Disability Review, Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 211-217. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLDR-02-2017-0010Download as .RIS
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