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Research collaboration and knowledge sharing in e-governance: Temporal analysis of co-author network

N. Bindu (Department of Futures Studies, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, India)
C. Prem Sankar (Department of Futures Studies, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, India)
K. Satheesh Kumar (Department of Futures Studies, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, India)

Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy

ISSN: 1750-6166

Article publication date: 31 December 2018

Issue publication date: 12 March 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce a systematic computing and analytical procedure that is applied to the co-author network to identify the temporal evolution and growth of research collaborations in the area of e-governance. The empirical analysis of the temporal co-author network can trace the emerging authors and knowledge bursts over time.

Design/methodology/approach

The study applied social network theory to trace the author collaboration patterns in the domain of e-governance. Analysis of the co-author network using micro and macro parameters was done to trace the temporal evolution of the author collaborations.

Findings

E-governance is a multi-disciplinary research domain split over streams of management, politics, information technology and electronics. Hence, research collaborations play a significant role in its advancement. The knowledge sharing between individual authors, institutions and groups through research collaborations, resulting in extensive sharing of data, equipment and research methods, has boosted research activities and development in e-governance. In this paper, the authors systematically analyse the current scenario of research collaborations in the area of e-governance using co-author network to estimate its impact on the advancement of the field. The authors also analysed the temporal evolution of the co-author networks, which show remarkable growth of research collaborations in the domain of e-governance from the year 2000.

Research limitations/implications

The co-author network analysis is only a proxy measure for the analysis of research collaborations. The names of the authors and the university affiliations used in the article are as retrieved from the research repository of Scopus. The degree, citations and other parameters related with authors have scope only within the environment of the co-author network used in the analysis. The criteria used in the study is limited to the degree of research collaborations and the number of co-authored publications in the giant component of the co-author network.

Practical implications

Institutions, authors and governments can trace and select suitable topics and choose research groups of co-authors over the world for future research collaborations in e-governance. The knowledge about the emerging and most discussed topics gives an overview of the global research trends of e-governance.

Social implications

The study identified the evolution of creative collaborations in e-governance in the global perspective. The methodology introduced here is helpful to detect the proficient and productive author collaborations and the spectrum of related e-governance research topics associated with them. As the author collaborations can be mapped to the institutional and country-level collaborations, the information is helpful for researchers, institutions and governments to establish the best collaborations in e-governance research based on the author proficiency, collaboration patterns and research topics as per the requirements.

Originality/value

The paper introduces a novel research methodology using temporal analysis of co-author network to identify the evolution of research patterns and the associated research topics.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Professor V. Ajaya Kumar for useful discussions and campus computing facility of the University of Kerala set up under DST-PURSE programme for providing computational facilities. The first author (NB) wishes to thank University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, for their financial assistance through faculty development programme.

Citation

Bindu, N., Sankar, C.P. and Kumar, K.S. (2019), "Research collaboration and knowledge sharing in e-governance: Temporal analysis of co-author network", Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 2-33. https://doi.org/10.1108/TG-03-2018-0022

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited