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Ouchi’s management model relevance to healthcare management efficiency among government tertiary hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic season in Lagos state, Nigeria

Olusegun Emmanuel Akinwale (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka-Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria)
Owolabi Lateef Kuye (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka-Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria)

Technological Sustainability

ISSN: 2754-1312

Article publication date: 10 May 2022

Issue publication date: 10 January 2023

263

Abstract

Purpose

Healthcare management efficiency has become a golden goal in the operations of modern healthcare organisations across zones and cultures. This study aims to investigate five dimensions of Ouchi’s theory Z approach, mutual organisational trust, long-term employment/job security, employee participatory decision-making, employee well-being and generalised career path, concerning healthcare efficiency in government tertiary hospitals during COVID-19 period.

Design/methodology/approach

The probability sampling strategy was adopted among 300 participants of the hospitals in the healthcare workforce of the study population. The study adopted multiple scales on the identified variables of theory Z and employed principal component analysis to evaluate the components of Ouchi’s Theory Z in relation to healthcare efficiency among the workforce of tertiary hospitals in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Findings

The outcome of this study shows that all the dimensions were significantly related to healthcare efficiency in the study hospitals. It depicts that mutual trust among employees has a positive influence on the efficiency of healthcare management in government tertiary hospitals, and long-term employment opportunity has a significant impact on the efficiency of healthcare management in government tertiary hospitals. Employee participatory decision-making is essential to the efficiency of healthcare management in government tertiary hospitals. Employee well-being is fundamental to the efficiency of healthcare management in government tertiary hospitals. Generalised career path of healthcare personnel has a tremendous impact on the efficiency of healthcare management in government tertiary hospitals.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to healthcare employees in Lagos State, Nigeria. The implication is that as old as Ouchi’s theory, its relevance remains green in the heart of contemporary organisations today even in healthcare facilities in Nigeria which aids the management of the global pandemic, COVID-19 outbreak.

Originality/value

The study shows that Ouchi’s theory Z approach that combines the Japanese and American patterns of organisational management is highly relevant in the operations and management of government hospitals in Nigeria to date even in the era of COVID-19, the global pandemic season.

Keywords

Citation

Akinwale, O.E. and Kuye, O.L. (2023), "Ouchi’s management model relevance to healthcare management efficiency among government tertiary hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic season in Lagos state, Nigeria", Technological Sustainability, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 20-43. https://doi.org/10.1108/TECHS-01-2022-0005

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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