To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Guanfu Salt Farm and Hong Kong in the Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Cecile Kung (School of Chinese, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies

ISSN: 1871-2673

Article publication date: 15 July 2020

Issue publication date: 3 August 2021




This paper aims to collect and compile the historical data of Guanfu Salt Farm, officially built by the Song Dynasty (960–1279) within modern Hong Kong territories, to reconstruct its history for the reflection of Hong Kong society of the time.


This paper is largely based on identification and analysis of historical documents, including keyword search on electronic databases and verification with the original sources, with reference to archaeological findings when necessary.


This paper reconstructs the history of Guanfu Salt Farm based on documentary sources with reference to archaeological findings. English translation of Chinese sources is also provided when necessary.


There has been an absence of systematic compilation of historical data of Hong Kong during the Song Dynasty, which are limited in quantity and scattered across different sources. This paper seeks to fill the vacuum of knowledge about pre-colonial Hong Kong, with a more comprehensive reconstruction of the history of Guanfu Salt Farm.



Kung, C. (2021), "Guanfu Salt Farm and Hong Kong in the Song Dynasty (960-1279)", Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 52-67.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles