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Transatlantic strategic convergence on China and the scramble for critical minerals

John Calabrese (SOGIS, American University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA)

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies

ISSN: 1871-2673

Article publication date: 7 September 2023

Issue publication date: 7 May 2024




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the trend of transatlantic strategic convergence and policy coordination in response to Chinese trade practices and technological competition, specifically in the critical minerals sector.


The research draws on primary and secondary source material to identify evidence of and examine the drivers, manifestations and prospects for effective US-European efforts to advance the shared aim of reducing vulnerabilities in critical minerals supply chains.


The interests of the USA and Europe would be best served by prioritizing their own security, diversification and resilience strategies while seeking areas of common ground and constructive engagement with China.

Research limitations/implications

The research offers a fresh perspective on the growing alignment and persistent gaps in US and European perspectives on China’s rising influence and assertive behavior.


The research highlights the vital role of critical minerals in national security, economic competitiveness, technological advancement and sustainable resource management. It underscores the shared recognition on both sides of the Atlantic that securing a stable supply of critical minerals – essential for maintaining strategic capabilities, driving innovation and ensuring long-term economic prosperity – necessitates tighter transatlantic coordination as well as constructive engagement with China.



Calabrese, J. (2024), "Transatlantic strategic convergence on China and the scramble for critical minerals", Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 32-48.



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