Financialization and generational differences in the correlates of perceived importance of investment in Hong Kong

Francis Lee (School of Journalism and Communication, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong)
Gary Tang (Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong)
Chung-Kin Tsang (School of Journalism and Communication, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong)

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies

ISSN: 1871-2673

Publication date: 21 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine how people’s perceptions of the importance of financial investment relate to their value orientation, societal perceptions and policy attitudes. Tying together insights from theoretical analysis of the financialization of society and Mannheim’s (1972) theory of generation, this study hypothesizes that perceived importance of investment should be less connected to a desire for a wealthy lifestyle and more connected to a critique of social inequality among the young generation. Analysis of survey data (N = 1,020) from Hong Kong, an international financial hub, shows that perceived importance of investment relates positively to consumer materialism, perceptions of social inequality and support for social democratic policies. More importantly, the relationships between the latter variables and perceived importance of investment vary across age groups in ways largely consistent with the expectation. The findings illustrate the changing social significance of financial investment and the reluctant embracement of investment by young people.

Design/methodology/approach

A representative telephone survey (N = 1,020) was conducted and analyzed.

Findings

The analysis shows that perceived importance of investment relates positively to consumer materialism, perceptions of social inequality and support for social democratic policies. More importantly, the relationships between the latter variables and perceived importance of investment vary across age groups in ways largely consistent with the expectation.

Originality/value

The findings illustrate the changing social significance of financial investment and the reluctant embracement of investment by the young generation. It is, to the authors’ knowledge, the first study in Hong Kong addressing people’s attitudes toward investment in relation to the notion of financialization.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funded by: South China Programme, Hong Kong Institute for Asia-Pacific Studies.

Citation

Lee, F., Tang, G. and Tsang, C.-K. (2019), "Financialization and generational differences in the correlates of perceived importance of investment in Hong Kong", Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, Vol. 15 No. 2, pp. 161-177. https://doi.org/10.1108/STICS-04-2019-0008

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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