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Design of a bi-manual haptic interface for skill acquisition in surface mount device soldering

Jose James (Ammachi Labs, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amritapuri, India)
Bhavani Rao R. (Ammachi Labs, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amritapuri, India)
Gabriel Neamtu (Chair of Media Technology, Technische Universität München, München, Germany)

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology

ISSN: 0954-0911

Article publication date: 8 February 2019

Issue publication date: 16 April 2019




Offering unskilled people training in engineering and vocational skills helps to decrease unemployment rate. The purpose of this paper is to augment actual hands-on conventional vocational training methods with virtual haptic simulations as part of computer-based vocational education and training.


This paper discusses the design of a bi-manual virtual multi-modal training interface for learning basic skills in surface mount device hand soldering. This research aims to analyze human hand dexterity of novices and experts at micro level skill knowledge capture by simulating and tracking the users’ actions in the manual soldering process through a multi-modal user interface.


Haptic feedback can enhance the experience of a virtual training environment for the end user and can provide a supplementary modality for imparting tangible principles to increase effectiveness. This will improve the teaching and learning of engineering and vocational skills with touch-based haptics technology, targeted toward teachers and students of various disciplines in engineering. Compared with the traditional training methods for learning soldering skills, the proposed method shows more efficiency in faster skill acquisition and skill learning.


In this study, the authors proposed a novel bi-manual virtual training simulator model for teaching soldering skills for surface mount technology and inspection. This research aims to investigate the acquisition of soldering skills through virtual environment, with and without haptic feedback. This acts as a basic-level training simulator that provides introductory training in soldering skills and can help initially unskilled people find educational opportunities and job offers in the electronics industry.



James, J., Rao R., B. and Neamtu, G. (2019), "Design of a bi-manual haptic interface for skill acquisition in surface mount device soldering", Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, Vol. 31 No. 2, pp. 133-142.



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