To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Does employee volunteerism contribute to financial performance? Effect of third-party assurance and financial performance of listed firms in emerging economies

Kofi Mintah Oware (Mangalore University, Mangalore, India and Department of Commerce & International Business, School of Business Studies, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, India)
T. Mallikarjunappa (Mangalore University, Mangalore, India and Department of Commerce & International Business, School of Business Studies, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, India)

Social Responsibility Journal

ISSN: 1747-1117

Article publication date: 21 May 2020

Issue publication date: 26 May 2021

215

Abstract

Purpose

Studies on employee volunteerism have inconsistency in results. This study aims to examine whether employee volunteerism contributes to financial performance, and if employee volunteerism creates community benefit for firm legitimacy.

Design/methodology/approach

The data covers 80 companies (640 firm-year observations) and uses the Indian stock market for the period 2010-2017 as a testing ground. Canonical correlation analysis, panel regression and panel probit regression are used in this study.

Findings

The first findings of the study show employee volunteerism through employee skill contribution, number of hours spent on volunteerism, employee cash contribution and employee material contribution provide the substantive contributions to community benefit and financial performance and also contribute a possible positive reflection on employee commitment. The second findings show that return on asset and return on equity do not improve the practice of employee volunteerism. However, the stock price return (SPR) improves the practice of employee volunteerism. The third findings show that the engagement of third-party assurance (TPA) improves the practice of employee volunteerism. Finally, TPA and SPR are more likely to cause a firm to undertake employee volunteerism.

Research limitations/implications

The research study is limited to large firms on the Indian stock market that submit sustainability reports.

Practical implications

An implication from the study suggests that the critical driver of employee volunteerism is employee skill contribution, and firms stand to benefit if well managed.

Originality/value

TPA and financial performance contribute an increase in employee volunteerism, and therefore deepens the scholarly debate on employee volunteerism. Employee volunteerism–community benefit nexus creates a new dimension to the theory of legitimacy for firms in an emerging economy.

Keywords

Citation

Oware, K.M. and Mallikarjunappa, T. (2021), "Does employee volunteerism contribute to financial performance? Effect of third-party assurance and financial performance of listed firms in emerging economies", Social Responsibility Journal, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 469-488. https://doi.org/10.1108/SRJ-09-2019-0297

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles