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The mediating role of corporate social responsibility on the relationship between governance and tax avoidance: UK common law versus French civil law

Bassem Salhi (Department of Accounting, College of Business Administration, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia)
Rakia Riguen (University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia)
Maali Kachouri (University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia)
Anis Jarboui (University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia)

Social Responsibility Journal

ISSN: 1747-1117

Article publication date: 30 August 2019

Issue publication date: 20 October 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the direct and indirect links between corporate governance and tax avoidance using corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a sample consisting of 300 UK and 200 French firms over the period 2005-2017. This study is motivated by structural equations and system models that specify both a direct link and an indirect link between corporate governance and tax avoidance.

Findings

The results show that CSR fully mediates the relationship between corporate governance and tax avoidance in UK firms. In addition, in French firms, CSR partially mediates the relation between corporate governance and tax avoidance.

Practical implications

The findings may be of interest to the academic researchers, practitioners and regulators who are interested in discovering corporate governance score, tax avoidance and CSR. Regulators must evaluate their actual corporate governance mechanisms and their country’s legal system before mandating additional governance mechanisms for firms in their country.

Social implications

This study proved empirically that firms with a higher level of social responsibility are better positioned to obtain more transparency through reducing tax avoidance.

Originality/value

This paper extends the existing literature by examining the mediation effect of CSR on the relationship between tax avoidance and corporate governance.

Keywords

Citation

Salhi, B., Riguen, R., Kachouri, M. and Jarboui, A. (2020), "The mediating role of corporate social responsibility on the relationship between governance and tax avoidance: UK common law versus French civil law", Social Responsibility Journal, Vol. 16 No. 8, pp. 1149-1168. https://doi.org/10.1108/SRJ-04-2019-0125

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited