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Do positive and negative shocks of institutional quality affect the ecological footprint in a developing economy?

Muzzammil Hussain (Department of Commerce, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan and School of Economics and Management, Fuzhou University, Fujian, China.)
Nasir Mahmood (Department of Management Sciences, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan.)

Social Responsibility Journal

ISSN: 1747-1117

Article publication date: 29 December 2022

Issue publication date: 18 October 2023




The discourse on the governance and environment nexus has been an important research agenda. However, the debate on the role of institutional quality (IQ) in environmental degradation is continuous. Unlike others, this study aims to examine the asymmetric effect of IQ on the ecological footprint (EF) from 1984 to 2019 in Pakistan.


The nonlinear autoregressive distributive lag model is used to empirically investigate the linkage of IQ and EF.


Reported results revealed that positive shocks are negatively affecting EF and negative shocks are positively affecting EF. Findings suggest that a better IQ is substantially reducing EF, whereas energy consumption and economic growth are increasing EF.


This study is original and provided important information about the performance of institutions regarding the environmental concerns in Pakistan. Moreover, this study has robust policy implications.



It is to state that the authors have no conflict of interest in publishing the accepted paper in, Social Responsibility Journal. In this regard, the authors acknowledge the decision made by the journal publication committee to finalize the first and third authors.


Hussain, M. and Mahmood, N. (2023), "Do positive and negative shocks of institutional quality affect the ecological footprint in a developing economy?", Social Responsibility Journal, Vol. 19 No. 8, pp. 1365-1378.



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