Laboratory calibration methods are time-consuming and require accurate devices to find the error coefficients of the low-cost microelectromechanical system (MEMS) accelerometer. Besides, low-cost MEMS sensors highly depend on temperature because of their silicon property and the effect of temperature on error coefficients should also be considered for compensation. This paper aims to present a field calibration method in which the accelerometer is placed in different positions without any accurate equipment in a few minutes and its temperature is changed by a simple device like a hairdryer.
In this paper, a non-linear cost function is defined based on this rule that the magnitude of the acceleration measured by the accelerometer in static mode is equal to the gravity plus error factors. Also, the dependency of error coefficients of the accelerometer is presented as a second-order polynomial in this cost function. By minimizing the cost function, the accelerometer error coefficients include bias, scale factor and non-orthogonality and their temperature dependency are obtained simultaneously.
Simulation results in MATLAB and empirical results of a MPU6050 accelerometer verify the good performance of the proposed calibration method.
Finding a fast and simple field calibration method to calibrate a low-cost MEMS accelerometer and compensate for the temperature dependency without using accurate laboratory equipment can help a wide range of industries that use advanced and expensive sensors or use expensive laboratory equipment to calibrate their sensors, to decrease their costs.
Khankalantary, S., Ranjbaran, S. and Mohammadkhani, H. (2021), "Simultaneous compensation of systematic errors of a low-cost MEMS triaxial accelerometer and its temperature dependency without accurate laboratory equipment", Sensor Review, Vol. 41 No. 2, pp. 208-215. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-12-2020-0309
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