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Design and theoretical analysis of current transformer based on B-dot planar printed circuit board coil

Yanhang Zhao (State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China)
Jingang Wang (State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China)
Shoupeng Ban (State Grid Jibei Electric Power Co. Ltd. Maintenance Branch, Beijing, China)
Xueqi Hu (State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China)
Diancheng Si (State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 19 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to design a current transformer model based on the principle of B-dot. It can reflect the change of transmission line current and meet the requirement of automation and intelligence for current measurement in power system.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, a new type of current transformer is designed on the principle of B-dot, which has the structure of the inverse series of planar air core coils and the form of printed circuit board (PCB). With this structure, the current transformers can induce magnetic field quite well. The finite element simulation for the current transformer with n layers structure is conducted in the Maxwell, which help to optimize the design of the current transformer.

Findings

By setting up the experimental platform, the experiment of the current transformer is carried out. The results of the test show that the measurement accuracy can satisfy the requirement of measurement. Besides, the new current transformer has good transient characteristics and can meet the needs of the development of smart grid.

Originality value

The new type of current transformer is based on the principle of B-dot, which is designed with a new type of non-contact PCB hollow coil current transformer. It has no iron core, no ferromagnetic effect and the phenomenon of ferromagnetic resonance. It has great progress in its insulation performance, volume and bandwidth response. In addition, the planar hollow coil of the inverse series structure can make the structure more accurate.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The manuscript was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51677009).

Citation

Zhao, Y., Wang, J., Ban, S., Hu, X. and Si, D. (2017), "Design and theoretical analysis of current transformer based on B-dot planar printed circuit board coil", Sensor Review, Vol. 37 No. 3, pp. 282-288. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-12-2016-0264

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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