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Fiber Bragg grating based acceleration sensors: a review

Yongxing Guo (Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Equipment and Control Technology, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China and Hubei Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission and Manufacturing Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)
Min Chen (Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Equipment and Control Technology, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)
Li Xiong (Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Equipment and Control Technology, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China and Hubei Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission and Manufacturing Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)
Xinglin Zhou (Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Equipment and Control Technology, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)
Cong Li (Hubei Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission and Manufacturing Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 15 February 2021

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to present the state of the art for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension and the principle of the sensing configuration. Some commercial sensors have also been introduced and future work in this field has also been discussed. This paper could provide an important reference for the research community.

Design/methodology/approach

This review is to present the state of the art for FBG acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension (one-dimension and multi-dimension) and the principle of the sensing configuration (beam type, radial vibration type, axial vibration type and other composite structures).

Findings

The current research on developing FBG acceleration sensors is mainly focused on the sensing method, the construction and design of the elastic structure and the design of a new information detection method. This paper hypothesizes that in the future, the following research trends will be strengthened: common single-mode fiber grating of the low cost and high utilization rate; high sensitivity and strength special fiber grating; multi-core fiber grating for measuring single-parameter multi-dimensional information or multi-parameter information; demodulating equipment of low cost, small volume and high sampling frequency.

Originality/value

The principle of the measurement dimension and principle of the sensing configuration for FBG acceleration sensors have been introduced, which could provide an important reference for the research community.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 52075397 and in part by the National Major Scientific Instruments Development Project of China under Grant 51827812 and in part by the Open Projects Foundation of Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC) under Grant SKLD1908.

Citation

Guo, Y., Chen, M., Xiong, L., Zhou, X. and Li, C. (2021), "Fiber Bragg grating based acceleration sensors: a review", Sensor Review, Vol. 41 No. 1, pp. 101-122. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-10-2020-0243

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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