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Fabrication and characterization of pillar interdigitated electrode for blood glucose sensing

Anindya Bose (Centre for Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Campus Bangalore, Bangalore, India)
Sarthak Sengupta (Indian Institute of Information Technology Allahabad, Allahabad, India)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 8 April 2021

Issue publication date: 17 May 2021




A bio-sensor has been developed in this study for the purpose of point-of-care diagnostics. Point-of-care-diagnostic is a type of diagnosis where the diagnostic centre, i.e. the diagnosis kit is made available at the location of the patient when the patient needs immediate action. In this process of diagnosis a compact, portable, integrated kit must be available which can diagnose the disease of the patient by testing various analytes.


Using a fully experimental methodology, a blood glucose sensor is made by conducting carbon interdigitated electrode (IDE) on a flexible substrate. IDEs are used to increase the effective capacitance of the structure, as well as the effective electroactive area of the sensor. Interdigitated structure permits two-electrode sticks with “each other” and “infuse” together. As a consequence, the distance between electrodes can be tuned to a much smaller value than traditional thin-film architectures. Narrowing the distance between electrodes allows for fast ion diffusion that offers better rate capability and efficiency in power density. The fabricated device exhibits a remarkable value of sensitivity in the order of 2.741 µA mM-1 cm−2.


A highly sensitive, portable and inexpensive blood glucose sensor has been developed in this context.


This research study can be a scope for future research in the field of bio-sensors.



The authors are grateful and acknowledge the support from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India.


Bose, A. and Sengupta, S. (2021), "Fabrication and characterization of pillar interdigitated electrode for blood glucose sensing", Sensor Review, Vol. 41 No. 2, pp. 200-207.



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