To read this content please select one of the options below:

Wearable sensors for ECG measurement: a review

Sudha Ramasamy (Department of Instrumentation, School of Electrical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India)
Archana Balan (School of Electrical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 8 February 2018

Issue publication date: 3 July 2018




Recent developments in wearable technologies have paved the way for continuous monitoring of the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal, without the need for any laboratory settings. A number of wearable sensors ranging from wet electrode sensors to dry sensors, textile-based sensors, knitted integrated sensors (KIS) and planar fashionable circuit boards are used in ECG measurement. The purpose of this study is to carry out a comparative study of the different sensors used for ECG measurements. The current challenges faced in developing wearable ECG sensors are also reviewed.


This study carries out a comparative analysis of different wearable ECG sensors on the basis of four important aspects: materials and methods used to develop the sensors, working principle, implementation and performance. Each of the aspects has been reviewed with regard to the main types of wearable ECG sensors available.


A comparative study of the sensors helps understand the differences in their operating principles. While some sensors may have a higher efficiency, the others might ensure more user comfort. It is important to strike the right balance between the various aspects influencing the sensor performance.


Wearable ECG sensors have revolutionized the world of ambulatory ECG monitoring and helped in the treatment of many cardiovascular diseases. A comparative study of the available technologies will help both doctors and researchers gain an understanding of the shortcomings in the existing systems.



Ramasamy, S. and Balan, A. (2018), "Wearable sensors for ECG measurement: a review", Sensor Review, Vol. 38 No. 4, pp. 412-419.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles